Sunday, March 29, 2009
I managed to found to sites which discuss about concordance. Below are the links.
1. Using concordance programs in the Modern Foreign Languages classroom
--List of uses of concordancing for language teachers
2. How to use concordances in teaching English
--Suggestions to teach
Both articles talks about how concordance is related to language, both in learning and teaching.
Concordance shows us the features of vocabulary, combinations of words, grammar rules and also the structure of a text. Below are examples of concordance on vocabulary and combination of words.
Concordance show us different usage of a single vocabulary. For example, the word 'bachelor' have two different meaning.
'John remained a bachelor all his life'
'She graduated as a Bachelor of Arts'
--person who holds on first university degree
Combination of words
Most of these combination of words can be phrasal verbs. The word 'put' can be combined with different words.
'The students put in a lot of effort in completing their blog assignments.'
'She put off a date with her boyfriend due to the blog assignments she have yet to complete.'
--postpone or cancel a meeting or an engagement with somebody.
The two article focus more on language teaching using concordance. Concordance can use in gap-filling exercise, discover new meanings of vocabulary, explore grammar rule and so on.
As for me, this is the first time I was introduced to concordance. I personally think it's a good tool for a language students as it provides a lot of information to us through listing down the words in context.
Saturday, March 21, 2009
EBSCOhost and LISA are both online databased that are subscribed by PTSL.
It is stated in EBSCOhost's homepage, that EBSCOhost databases are the most-used, premium online information resources for tens of ten thousand of instituition worldwide, representing millions of end-users. Besides references databases, EBSCO also providessubscription management, online journals, books, linking services and A-Z solutions.
LISA is the acronym of Library and Information Science Abstracts. It provides references for current awareness in information sciences. According to the University of Pittsburgh's Digital Library, LISA includes abstracting and indexing of 500 periodicals (dating from 1969) from over 60 countries along with unpublished academic and institutional research from the Current Research in Library and Information Science Database (since 1981).
Among the four topics given by our lecturer, I choose to find article about E-learning. Both article that I have found are from EBSCOhost. They are "E-Learning Programs in Higher Education" by Marie Gould, and, a research paper entitled ''Evidence-based practice and E-learning in Higher Education: can we or should we?" by Martin Oliver and Grainne Conole.
"E-Learning Programs in Higher Education" focus on E-learning industry, which is part of our everyday life. Higher education especially need to keep pace with the technologies, because this is essential for them. Technologies like E-learning not only help them in thier years of study, but also in their future. Nowadays, companies also used E-learning as they facilitate the learning experience in a knowledge-based economy. E-learning includes distance education, computer-based training, web-based training, Internet-based training, courseware delivery and online learning and testing. For example, by getting involved in distance learning, students can complete their work at their own desire speed. This kind of learning process also prevent students from pace pressures.
In "Evidence-based practice and E-learning in Higher Education: can we or should we?", there is a section where authors discuss about implications for E-learning. They mentioned it has been argued before, that Higher Education focus on technique at the expense of studying motive or values. But, this is seen as something to be criticised and challenged.
Here are some of my personal thoughts regarding the articles above that I've read. I am thankful that there is such program like E-learning offering in Higher Education institute. I feel that there is a need for all of us to be involved in it. Through E-learning, we can learn more things. Most importantly it is not restricted in a classroom with four walls. Futhermore, not only students, but teachers and lecturers as well will enjoy the process of learning. I believe through enjoying a learning process is a start of having interest in the things that we learn. When we come to the question "can we or should we?", I would say you'll never know unless you try it, so we can, just that it is up to us to take a try or not. E-Learning might be a new thing to us, but we must at least explore it before we judge whether is a good or bad method of learning something.
In summary, I'm still adapting to E-learning, but I think E-learning is a necessary thing for students especially in tertiary level. =)
Monday, March 16, 2009
- Have different categories that you can search on, such as webs, jobs, videos, Yellow Pages and etc.
- Language available are English and French.
- Results of website found are in numbering.
- No categories available.
- Language available in English.
- Advanced search and preferences are available.
- Suitable for scholars.
- No categories available.
- Language available is English.
- Can search from the web or ericdigest.org
- The homepage gives an introduction of Eric Digest.
- Have different categories that you can search on, such as webs, news, shopping, jobs and etc.
- Language available is English.
- Advanced search and preferences are available.
- Search assist is available.
Before I give comment on the search engines above, let me explain a few things that I've mentioned above.
Fisrtly, advanced search. Through advances search, we can choose the language that we want our searches to be done. We also can specify from which country we want to search on. Besides, we also can focus on the exact words that we want to search. For instance, we can choose to search from words or phrases, or even from the title or from the URL.
Secondly, preferences. In this, we can select the language that we prefer to use on the search engine. We can also choose the numbers of results display in a page, for example 10 in a page or 20 in a page.
I never heard of Mamma and EricDigest before being introduced by our lecturers. Search engines that I am familiar with are Google and Yahoo!.
One of the similarites that can be found in Mamma and Yahoo! is they both have different category for searches to be done. These includes the categories for webs, jobs, videos, shopping and etc. For example we want to look at videos about early childhood education, we can simply type it in the videos category and get what we want. On the contrary, GoogleScholar and EricDigest does not offer us to search in different categories.
In GoogleScholar and Yahoo!, we can see they are similar by offering advanced search and preferences in their sites. Both terms are especially useful for searcher because we can specify our search on certain language or from which country.
Mamma is different from the others where it has numbering on the websites found. This is useful for searcher to make a record on which websites they have look in and which they have not.
I make a search on "Early Childhood Education" in all four of the search engines above and below is the results of each search engines.
It is clearly shown that GoogleScholar and Yahoo! offers more result than Mamma and EricDigest.
Through this assginment, I know more search engines that offered online and I am looking forward to be a more efficient user on these search engines. =)
Tuesday, March 10, 2009
One of the reasons is getting feedback. A piece of writing without readers is incomplete, therefore readers play an important role. When we post our writing on our blogs, our readers can give us comments, or sometimes they mail us or link us to their own blogs. When they comment, we will know what other thinks about our writing, whether it is informative and interesting. If we receive all the good and bad comments, it will motivates and encourages us to improve our writing skills.
Having readers for our blog is also another reason that we are able to improve our writing. As i mention above, it doesn't seems right when we blog and blog but no ones reads it. Just knowing that we have our readers who is waiting for our post will drives us to write and share with them our piece of work. I agree with this, and this can relate to my own experience. I was in Taiwan for almost three months after finishing my STPM exam. When I am there, I blog a lot! I blogged because i know my family and friends who are my readers are waiting to know how's my life in Taiwan. Therefore, even though my posting might be short, i still post it because i know my readers are waiting for it.
Different people have different way of blogging. Most blogger just blog about their everyday life. There are also some blogger who only blog about certain issues, for instance political issues, travelling, foods or for education purposes.
I don't really have a favourite blog where I always visit. Most of the blogs I visit are my friends blog, and it is through blogs I get in touch with their on-going life.
For me, I blog about my everyday life. Not that i blog every single day, but I'll just blog some of the significant events in my life. Through blogging, I learn to express my thoughts in words, which until now I am still learning. I think it depends on the mood of writing. Sometimes you have all sorts of thoughts, plenty of them, but you just don't know how to out them into words. But when you're in the mood of writing, a total crap of writing can turn out to be a wonderful piece of writing.
So, start blogging people! Not just because it helps to enhance our writing skill, because it is fun too! =)
Monday, March 2, 2009
Imaginary Friends: Should You Be Concerned
Young children often have imaginary friends. Sometimes they're human, other times they're animals, like the life-size rabbit in the old Jimmy Stewart movie, "Harvey." Sometimes the imaginary friend is an occasional visitor, stopping by only once every few days. But other times it may be a child's constant companion. Children may talk to their imaginary friends, draw with them, or even read books to them. And plenty of parents have had to set an extra place at the dinner table for the "friend."
So is children’s imaginary playmates cause for concern? In most cases, the answer is No. Imaginary friends are a pretty normal part of growing up, especially during the toddler years, and they serve several important functions:
• They can be wonderful companions for pretend play, which is an important way to stimulate creativity and imagination. Having an invisible friend can make those long trips to the moon or back in time a little less lonely.
• They can act as a child's trusted confidant when there's no one else to tell their secrets to. Even small children have issues that are too private to tell us.
• They can help kids figure out the difference between right and wrong. Kids sometimes have a tough time stopping themselves from doing things they know are wrong. Blaming the imaginary friend for eating cookies before dinner is often a sign that the child understands right vs. wrong distinctions but isn't quite ready to assume complete responsibility for her actions.
• They can give you some valuable insights into your child's feelings. Listening to your child bravely comfort an invisible friend who's about to get a shot may be a clue that your child is more afraid than she's letting on.
While it's generally perfectly fine to humor your child and go along with her claims about the existence of an imaginary friend, there are a few ground rules:
• Don't let the "friend" be your child's only companion. Kids need to socialize with others their own ages. If your child seems to have no other friends or has no interest in being with her peers, talk to your pediatrician.
• Don't let your child shift responsibility for everything bad to the friend. Saying that the friend is the one responsible for a nighttime accident is okay. Blaming the friend for a string of bank robberies isn't.
• Treat the friend with respect. This means remembering his name, greeting him when you meet, and apologizing when you sit on him.
• Don't use the friend to manipulate your child. That means no comments like "Maggie finished her dinner, why don't you finish yours?"
Most kids lose their imaginary friends between their third and fifth birthdays. Sometimes the friends are forgotten, sometimes they're sent on a distant and permanent trip, and other times they "die" in a horrible accident.
The article above falls under the category of Reading for Information.
Recently, I've read a book by Cecelia Ahern, 'If You Could See Me Now' and it caught my interest to know more about imaginary friend.
From the article above, we can see the information on imaginary friends, that it is normal for kids to have them, and parents should not worry about it. In fact, it shows how wild and creative is a child's imagination. We also know more about what an imaginary friend is and some guidelines when dealing with imaginary friends.
Besides the example given above, the life-size rabbit, Harvey, I also found out other examples of imaginary friends. First is the famous comic strip, Calvin and Hobbes, where Hobbes is Calvin's imaginary friend. Calvin sees Hobbes as a living tiger and also play along with it, but the other characters in the comic sees Hobbes as a stuffed-animal. Another example is Foster Home for Imaginary Friends by Cartoon Network. This cartoon is about the story of abandoned imaginary friends who are foster by the elderly Madame Foster.
Through this activity, it can help us students not only understand the term 'Imaginary Friends', but also our language. All the examples above are related to English language. For instance, when we read Calvin and Hobbes, we learn more vocabulary found in the comic. As for the Jimmy Stewart's movie and Foster Home for Imaginary Friends, we learn English when we watch and listen to the show. Most importantly, we get to learn the language in a different yet relaxing way. Plus, learning in a relaxing way in way more efficient than learning under pressure.
In brief, I've got what I wanted to know through reading this article, which is to have more information about imaginary friends and also gain more knowledge in the usage English language.